PhD Political Science, Informatics
mail at susobaleato.eu
Geographic Information Systems
The global expansion of the Internet is frequently associated with increased government transparency, political rights, and democracy. However, this assumption depends on marginalized groups getting access in the first place. Here we document a strong and persistent political bias in the allocation of Internet coverage across ethnic groups worldwide. Using estimates of Internet penetration obtained through network measurements, we show that politically excluded groups suffer from significantly lower Internet penetration rates compared with those in power, an effect that cannot be explained by economic or geographic factors. Our findings underline one of the central impediments to “liberation technology,” which is that governments still play a key role in the allocation of the Internet and can, intentionally or not, sabotage its liberating effects.
This paper presents a new method to estimate Internet Penetration based on the analysis of open data that facilitates replicability and open science. The resulting estimates are compared with those provided by the ITU/OECD Internet penetration statistics of the used IPv4 address space across countries. The analysis shows very high correlations ranging between 0.898 and 0.978 for all years between 2006 and 2010. Besides, the paper illustrates how measurements of the used IPv4 address space can serve as a more timely Internet penetration indicator with sub-national granularity, using two large developing countries as case studies.
These new Guidelines constitute the first update of the original 1980 version that served as the first internationally agreed upon set of privacy principles. Two themes run through the updated Guidelines; 1) A focus on the practical implementation of privacy protection through an approach grounded in risk management, and 2) The need to address the global dimension of privacy through improved interoperability.
Chief Innovation Officer at the Open Source Reference Center/ Government of Galicia (Galicia/ Spain). In charge of the change management process leading to the creation of the Open Source Reference Center; product owner of the software projects supporting the migration of the Galician administration to GNU/ Linux: Galinux, AraOS and Monifate.
Administration of computer networks at the public administration of Galicia, including the Ministry of Health (2001-2005), and the University of Santiago de Compostela (2000-2001). Responsibilities included the management of the data centers, software development, maintenance of the network infrastructure, support to end users, and back-up policy. Previously he took part in several Internet start-ups as Chief Technology Officer.